Physical gold demand slides 20 pct to 3,349 T in 2016
Gold market surplus biggest this century
GFMS forecasts gold at $1,259/oz in 2017
London (Reuters): Physical gold demand fell 20% last year to its lowest since 2009, GFMS analysts at Thomson Reuters said in a report on Thursday, as a rebound in prices after three straight years of losses blunted appetite for the metal.
Buying of jewellery, coins and bars, plus official sector and industrial demand, fell to 3,349 tons last year from 4,184 tons in 2015, the analysts said, the lowest in seven years. That helped lift the net surplus in the gold market to 1,176 tons, up from just 220 tons in 2015 and the biggest physical surplus this century. Demand was hurt towards the year-end by gains in the dollar and a sharp drop in Indian demand after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s withdrawal of some denominations of bank notes sparked a cash crunch in the fourth quarter.
“The U.S. dollar is likely to remain a substantial headwind to further price rises, at least in the first half of 2017,” it said. “Furthermore, there are few indications that physical demand from Asia is set to pick up just yet.”
Political tensions linked to the new Trump presidency in the United States, the progress of Britain’s departure from the European Union, and a host of elections in Europe may spark renewed gold demand later in the year. That led GFMS to forecast gold prices averaging at $1,259 an ounce in 2017. The gold market saw its largest surplus since 2005 in the final quarter of last year, as demand from major consumer India wilted and investors sold out of gold-backed exchange-traded funds.
Indian gold demand slid to its lowest since 2003 last year at 580 tons, down by one third year-on-year. Jewellery demand in China, the world’s biggest consumer of the precious metal, fell 15% in the last quarter to 146.6 tons.
Global jewellery fabrication, the largest single demand segment for the metal, fell by more than one fifth last year, while central bank buying slipped 42% to 252 tons. Retail investment fell 12% to 986 tons in the full year, but rose 6% in the final quarter. North American retail investment rose by nearly one third in the last three months of the year, with U.S. buying rising 27%.
“We estimate retail demand will pick up in the beginning of 2017, mainly driven by a revival of physical bar demand,” the GFMS report said. “With the inauguration of Mr Trump as president, more uncertainties may emerge on the horizon.”
Mine supply fell 1.5%, but this was offset by a 10% rise in recycling and an increase in net hedging supply to 78 tons from just 21 tons in 2015.