Social instability – A recipe for economic downturn and beyond
Wednesday, 14 August 2013 00:00
A true picture emerged from Weliweriya when brute force was employed to address the grievances of people who have been affected by a social malady in the area. The incident was watched by all citizens of the country and became a topic of discussion among concerned citizens of this island.
A trend also emerged as similar force was used in quelling unrest in other parts of the country. The victims were often found to have been ordinary citizens of this country who are struggling to live yet another day.
If there were social issues, a Government with a massive Cabinet of Ministers would have found plenty of answers at the Cabinet meetings. There was absolutely no necessity to deploy armed forces when the situation demanded simple remedies.
Sentiments grew high among free zone employees when the Government introduced the private pension funds. Yet again extreme force was used to quell the tense situation. The Government would have expected that the public would react angrily when their money is touched.
A common sense approach to reforms in social benefits would have dictated that a policy decision, touching the sentiments of employees, would end up in streets. The then UNP Government was hounded over using the ‘cycle chain’ as the weapon for suppressing industrial unrest. But the bullet is even more dangerous than cycle chains.
Unrest in prison led to a mini war in Dematagoda. The US Department of State’s Country Report for 2012 states: “Prison conditions were poor and did not meet international standards due to overcrowding and the lack of sanitary facilities. In many cases prisoners reportedly slept on concrete floors and often lacked natural light or sufficient ventilation. According to prison officials and civil society sources, prisons designed for approximately 11,000 inmates held an estimated 32,000 prisoners. More than 13,000 of these prisoners either were awaiting or undergoing trial.” This speaks volumes of inadequacies in our penal rehabilitation system.
Undercurrents of social discontent
There are still undercurrents of social discontent in many other areas. According to leading social theorists, there is a likelihood that any situation would evolve into a violent protest when social equilibrium is disturbed.
The economic situation is not at all palatable and people are still struggling with their day-to-day survival. Yet, one could ask, how come there are stretched limousines for hire in this tiny island?
Economic performance has not been up to expectations. The Government must sit back and take stock of the situation. There is a pressing need to stop all extravagant expenses and the number of Ministers must be reduced to an acceptable level.
All loss-making State enterprises must be rehabilitated with the help of strategic partners either from overseas or from within Sri Lanka. When there is social instability it would drive away foreign investors and bring a bad reputation to the country. It would also increase the political risk ratings, which are harmful to economic growth. Politics is about the art of governance and requires pragmatic and down to earth solutions.
There have been incidents of violence directed at other religions’ institutions. The Government must not be seen to be associating with or giving moral support for such minority of extreme fanatical groups who are hell-bent on advancing their own agendas diluting the pluralistic nature of the country.
Of course Buddhism is the foremost religion of this country and it has Constitutional safeguards. Other religious minorities too have been in existence from time immemorial and all shades of religious freedom and expression must be accorded to minorities. The country’s reputation as a tolerant society would suffer irreparable harm if we disturb religious sentiments among the minorities.
Crisis at CPC and CEB and industrial unrest
There is a crisis in the two important State corporations involved with energy, a key area where any disruption in supply would cause a groundswell of public protests. A careful watch must be kept over these two institutions.
Political pragmatism calls for quick fixes and the longer the issue is neglected, the more serious the ramifications. A prudent Government would never isolate the masses; rather it must keep the masses solidly behind the Government.
The importance of the much-valued war victory would be soon forgotten if the ‘heat of the stomach’ goes beyond tolerable levels. The basic necessities of the people must be provided at reasonable cost.
The cost of living has been a hot topic of discussion for decades and nothing seems to have been done to contain rising inflation. Inflation would cause social instability which would in turn create a rupture in the law and order situation. This would then galvanise the masses into action at the behest of political forces, which are ever-ready for an opportunity, as is the practice all over the world.
There is a simmering issue with the Federation of University Teachers Association (FUTA). The public sector employees are also demanding a hike in their salaries. Industrial unrest would be the worst that any government would shun. The transport sector is also affected as it has a direct impact on the cost of fuel. Railway unions are also up in arms over salary anomalies. Transport is a key factor in economic development and a breakdown would cripple the flagging economy.
The Police force is the most corrupt organisation in Sri Lanka. A senior Police officer has been arrested over contract killings and this is a clear manifestation of the level to which the Police force has been relegated. Can an ordinary citizen trust the Police force anymore?
There have been deaths in Police custody and still the trend continues with no solution in sight. Is the Police station a court of law where officer-in-charge determines that the suspect deserves much harsher punishment before the suspect is produced before a competent court? Why should there be law courts if Police can dispense justice according to their whims and fancies? Is not this making a mockery of the judicial system?
The Judiciary too is corrupt but still the due process of law must be continued. Can an elected Government tolerate this type of situation? These types of incidents could very well be exploited by separatist lobby which is hell bent on tarnishing the image of Sri Lanka. There is a massive anti-Sri Lanka campaign overseas and Government does not seem to have positioned itself to meet the challenge from the formidable pro-separatist lobby.
What measures has the Government taken to inculcate discipline in the Police force? On the contrary, what the Government did was do away with the salutary 17th Amendment to the Constitution, which had a semblance of hope for depoliticising public services. It is highly unlikely that the 17th Amendment would be reinstated but its reinstatement would certainly augment the Government’s standing in the eyes of the international community.
(The writer is a freelance journalist and a political lobbying and government affairs consultant. He is also a member of the American Association of Political Consultants.)