Sri Lanka Economic Acceleration Framework 2020-25
- The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce recently launched a working draft of ‘Sri Lanka Economic Acceleration Framework 2020-25’ towards building a $ 135 billion economy by 2025. Today we feature the Tax Working Group proposals from the document
Duminda Hulangamuwa, Partner, Ernst & Young
Members of the working group:
Nilanthi Sivapragasam, Chief Financial Officer, Aitken Spence PLC
Shamila Jayasekara, Partner, Head of Tax, KPMG Sri Lanka
N.R. Gajendran, Senior Partner, Gajma & Co Chartered Accountants
Naomal Gunawardena, Partner, Nithya Partners
Amal Badugodahewa, Director, Tax, Carson Cumberbatch PLC
Nisreen Rehmanjee, Head of Tax Strategy, John Keells Holdings PLC
Roshan Anselm, Group Tax Manager, Hayleys PLC
Amila Priyadarshana, General Manager Finance, Hemas Holdings PLC
Priyadharshana Ekanayake, National Finance Director, Unilever Sri Lanka (Pvt) Ltd.
Charmaine Tillekeratne, Director, Tax Services, PricewaterhouseCoopers
Prasanna de Silva, Director, Credit, Central Finance Co. PLC
Lalith Yatiwella, Finance Director, Singer (Sri Lanka) PLC
Thilani Perera, Chief Manager, Tax and Finance, Commercial Bank
Brandon Morris, Acting Managing Director, Associated Motorways (Private) Limited
Aruna Deepthikumara, Group Chief Financial Officer, Commercial Bank of Ceylon PLC
Trinesh Fernando, General Counsel / Vice President, Group Legal and Regulatory, Dialog Axiata PLC
Nilam Jayasinghe Group Finance Director, Ceylon Biscuits Limited
Tenets of taxation
Certainty: Taxes ought to be certain and not arbitrary
- lProvide consistency in the tax regime in the period leading up to 2025 and avoid the application of retrospective taxes. Maintain existing tax rates including the concessionary tax rates (e.g. for SMEs, exports at 14%) until we move toward an equitable tax base.
- lTaxes should be aligned to national policy, and essentially be a tool for signalling Policy.Accountability and regular review, tax shifting and hypothecation have a role to play Interventions:
- Establish a think-tank on tax policy that will perform rigorous analysis prior to implementation of tax policy. It will enable the evaluating, monitoring and implementation of policy initiatives that would be backed by research and would hold the Government accountable for policy actions. The think-tank should also have links with the private sector, so that policies and projects that are cognisant of the private sector would be implemented. The think-tank can consider policies in addressing the challenges in taxation of the digital economy, promote policies that will provide more positive societal behaviour towards protecting the environment.
- lHypothecation has an important role play in pooling funds for dedicated expenditure purposes. Such revenue needs to be managed and utilised in a transparent efficient manner.
- Create metrics to evaluate efficacy of the tax policy. This is vital to win taxpayer confidence and gain taxpayer “buy-in.”
- Consultations: Any new tax should be opened to the public for a reasonable period for discussion and debate.
Equity and fair play in the tax administration
- Appoint a Tax Ombudsman — presently there are provisions established for this appointment, though it has not been made in the last 12 years. Furthermore, authority should be given to strengthen this office by an Act of Parliament.Tax administration and competitivenessTax regime must be globally competitive in efforts to attract new capital, ensure progressive outcomes, avoid regressive outcomes and be well administered.
- Establishment of a rational tariff structure that promotes the macroeconomic growth objectives of the economy.
- Provide investment incentives for anchor investment in sectors that have potential to drive export and FDI into the country.
- Improve tax administration by improving capacity of the Inland Revenue Department (IRD)
- Develop industry specific knowledge within the IRD
- Re-look at the operating structure and procedures of the IRD
- Improve implementation of RAMIS