Home / Front Page/ NDB ups 1H pre-tax profit by 8% to Rs. 5 b amidst challenging market conditions

NDB ups 1H pre-tax profit by 8% to Rs. 5 b amidst challenging market conditions

Comments / {{hitsCtrl.values.hits}} Views / Thursday, 15 August 2019 00:42


  • Pre-tax profitability boosted by sound net interest income a growth of 27%
  • Contributes Rs. 2.8 b in taxes, driving post tax profitability down 15% to Rs. 2.2 b
  • Loans and advances to customers up 5% to Rs. 372 b, total assets top Rs. 490 b mark


National Development Bank PLC said this week it demonstrated resilient performance amidst challenging macro-economic and market conditions, and booked in a pre-tax profit exceeding Rs. 5 billion for the first six month of 2019 [period under review], an increase of 8% over the same period, prior year. Post-tax profitability of Rs. 2.22 billion was a drop of 15% over the comparative period, primarily owing to the high taxes, including the newly introduced Debt Repayment Levy. 

Income sources performed exceptionally well during the first half of 2019 in the backdrop of reduced economic activity and challenging market conditions. Gross income grew by 22% to Rs. 28.9 billion, whilst total operating income recorded a 14% growth to Rs. 11.5 billion. Net interest income [NII] which contributed to 75% of total operating income grew by an impressive 27% to Rs. 8.7 billion, benefiting from a number of asset and liability management strategies deployed by the Bank. The Bank’s Net Interest Margin for the period under review was 3.36%. 

Net fee and commission income grew by 22% to Rs. 1.8 billion, benefiting from the increase in business volumes including credit cards, and notably steep uptake of digital financial solutions of the Bank. 

Net gains from trading, improved by 15% to Rs. 676 million whilst net gains from financial investments doubled to Rs. 2.9 million. Other operating income on the other hand was a reduction of 89% down to Rs. 101 million, predominantly due to the exchange losses incurred on the revaluation of the foreign currency reserves of the Bank, resulting from the appreciation of the Sri Lankan rupee during early 2019 in comparison to the depreciation of the Sri Lankan rupee in the comparative period. 

Impairment charges for loans and other losses

Total impairment charges for loans and other losses for the period under review was Rs. 1.9 billion, an increase of 24% over the prior period. Coupled with political uncertainties, the macroeconomic condition of the country continued to be under pressures, with subdued performance across many sectors. This, coupled with SLFRS 9: Financial Instruments accounting standard where the full life term of a loan is considered for impairment in a stressed portfolio, had a cascading effect on the banking sector where loan serviceability was directly impacted as reflected in these higher impairment charges. 

NDB has been able to manage the impact on the loan book quality stemming from macro-economic conditions due to its strong risk management initiatives including comprehensive credit evaluation standards, post disbursement follow-ups and underwriting standards. It is also noteworthy that the increase in impairment charges have been on the back of a considerable increase in the gross loan book, which exceeded Rs. 19 billion. 

The Bank’s non-performing loan [NPL] ratio, which has been on an upward trend since end 2018 increased to 4.56%, reflective of the wider industry trajectory for NPLs, yet below the industry NPL ratio of 4.8%. 



Total operating expenses


Operating expenses for the six months ended 30 June 2019 was Rs. 4.7 billion, an increase of 18% over the prior period. Personnel expenses [applicable to 2,766 employees as at end June 2019 compared to 2,381 in H1 2018], comprised the greater portion of total expenses. Depreciation and amortisation of Rs. 260 million saw an increase of 22% over the prior period, driven by investments made by the Bank in the branch network and digital finance infrastructure over the last year. Notable investments are the addition of four new branches including the flagship “phygital” branch – NDB NEOS, relocation of a number of branches and the addition of over 40 cash recycle machines and the replacement of 14 old ATMs with new machines with latest technological features.

The resultant cost to income ratio was 40% for H1 2019 [H1 2018: 39%]. The Bank’s cost to income ratio will largely benefit in the future from the internal operational efficiencies that the Bank is experiencing, through the deployment of digital technology, process improvements using lean six sigma and automations. 





Taxes on financial services and debt repayment levy applicable for the period under review was Rs. 1,532 million, whilst the income tax on profits was Rs. 1,256 million. Total taxes led to an effective tax rate of 56%, compared with 43% in H1 2018, primarily driven up by the Debt Repayment Levy introduced in October 2018 and cessation of tax concessions previously enjoyed by the banking sector, under the new Inland Revenue Act which came in to effect from 01 April 2018. 



Balance sheet growth and capital management 


Balance sheet growth was moderated yet maintained at healthy levels within the prevailing economic conditions and in line with the Bank’s internal growth targets. Accordingly, total assets grew by 4% over the end December 2018 position to reach Rs. 490.2 billion. Within total assets, gross loans and advances to customers grew by 5% to Rs. 372 million which translated to an impressive quantum growth of Rs. 19 billion. On a year-on-year [YoY] basis, i.e. from 30 June 2018 to 30 June 2019, the loan book grew by 21% which is a quantum increase of Rs. 66 billion. 

The loan book growth was facilitated by the performance of all business segments, especially the Retail and SME sectors where much strategic focus was placed. Credit cards had the highest growth rate at 37%, affirming the strong market presence and customer acceptance of the NDB Good Life Credit Card. 

Deposits continued the slow growth demonstrated from the beginning of the year, and recorded a moderate growth of 2% over end December 2019, to reach Rs. 355 billion. Whilst the Bank experienced its granular CASA portfolio from its branch network growing at a steady pace, a few large CASA deposits, especially in foreign currency, indicated an outflow resulting in a contraction in the CASA portfolio during the six months. The cap on deposit interest rates introduced by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka with a bid to reduce lending rates and enhance the credit flow to the economy also have contributed towards the slowdown in the deposits growth, as customers resort to alternate investment options yielding higher returns over bank savings. On a YoY basis, deposits grew by 19%, which was an equivalent of Rs. 57.4 billion. 





The Tier 1 and total capital adequacy ratios of the Bank as of 30 June 2019 [minimum requirements of which are 8.5% and 12.5%] were 9.02% and 13.64% respectively. The same ratios for the NDB Group were 10.21% 14.56%, affirming NDB’s strong capital position.

In March 2019 the Bank issued 50 million Basel III compliant, listed rated unsecured and subordinated debentures with a par value of Rs. 100 and a tenor of five years in March 2019, which was oversubscribed, and raised Rs. 5.561 billion to strengthen the Bank’s Tier II capital base. 

Capital augmentation plans are underway at the Bank, particularly to meet the escalated capital requirements, once the Bank crosses the Rs. 500 billion total asset base, which is currently defined as Domestic – Systemically Important Bank status.

The Bank’s Statutory Liquid Asset Ratios for both the Domestic Banking Unit and Off-Shore Banking Unit continued to be in excess of the mandatory requirement of 20%, at 21.17% and 24.82% respectively. 

Investor returns

The annualised Return on Equity for the first six months of 2019 was 10.91% [2018: 17.41%], whilst the annualised Earnings per Share was Rs. 17.52 [2018: Rs. 30.22]. Pre-tax Return on Average Assets was 1.88%, down from 2.22% in 2018. 

Commenting on the period’s performance, NDB Group Chief Executive Officer Dimantha Seneviratne stated: “The Bank has performed well under trying circumstances where all industries, including the banking sector have faced many challenges in the present economic context. 

“The challenge is deepened for the banking sector, as it bears the brunt of the impaired loan serviceability stemming from all industries and the additional tax introduced late last year. However, with Group synergies in place with capital markets and share activities picking, these should nullify certain downside impacts as we move forward. 

“The banks have a critical role to play at this juncture, as the country is on an uphill economic revival in the aftermath of several quarters of low growth, political uncertainties and recent events. In a low growth scenario, the Management concentrated on deploying the in-house capabilities, efficient systems, processes, etc., that should benefit us. 

“NDB is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year, we will continue to contribute our very best to the country and its people, drawing strength from the vast and dynamic exposures NDB has had as a premier banking institution in the country over the past four decades,” he further mentioned.

Share This Article

Facebook Twitter


1. All comments will be moderated by the Daily FT Web Editor.

2. Comments that are abusive, obscene, incendiary, defamatory or irrelevant will not be published.

3. We may remove hyperlinks within comments.

4. Kindly use a genuine email ID and provide your name.

5. Spamming the comments section under different user names may result in being blacklisted.


Today's Columnists

The future of the UNP

Wednesday, 11 December 2019

Each time Ranil Wickremesinghe is faced with a threat to his leadership, he comes up with a band aid solution which either postpones his day of reckoning, and/or worsens the situation for the Party, creating internal chaos and bringing it down in the

Making BIMSTEC happen is the role of the business community too

Tuesday, 10 December 2019

Simply what is the use of a regional or global trading bloc if the citizens and businesses are not engaged in trade-related activities through such economic corporation? If not, then they become pure political instruments and talk shops for bureaucra

The important role of the new Power and Energy Secretary

Tuesday, 10 December 2019

New President Gotabaya Rajapaksa appointed new secretaries for the ministries. The most important ministry under the current situation is the Ministry of Power and Energy, now including CEB and the petroleum sector. The important position of the Sec

De-stigmatising sexuality education for gender equality – it is a right

Tuesday, 10 December 2019

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, which fell on 25 November, started the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence. It is an annual international campaign that runs for 16 days until 10 December (Human Rights

Columnists More